Professor Lou Ann Gloekler an Assistant Clinical Professor in the DYC SON had an article published regarding her research of Nursing Students Preferences in Test Taking and Learning Styles in the Vital Signs Journal (2017 Issue # 2) of the Professional Nurses Association of Western New York (Vol. 70 No. 2).
Lou Ann also had two abstracts accepted recently for poster presentations regarding this research. The poster presentation, Nursing Students Preferences in Test Taking and Learning Styles, was presented at the Professional Nurses Association of Western New York on April 17 and at D’Youville College Scholarly Research Day on April 23, where she received an award for “Outstanding Research in the School of Nursing.”
Professor Gloekler’s research has been approved by the DYC IRB to conduct a volunteer survey of students learning preferences during their sophomore level and again at their senior level to determine if preferences have changed.
Historically, nursing education has been a face-to-face lecture format. One of the most pronounced trends in higher education over the last decade has been a strong growth in distance education through online course work (Allen & Seaman, 2010). Considering the advances in computer-based technologies, Lou Ann Gloekler conducted a longitudinal study, where she administered a volunteer survey to 335 undergraduate sophomore level nursing students at D’Youville College over four semesters (Fall 2016, Spring 2017, Fall 2017, & Spring 2018). Students were asked to indicate their ages, (17 to 27 years, 27 to 37 years, > 37 years) and queried about their preferences among the following categories:
1) Test taking preference: computer exams, or paper and pencil exams
2) Book preference: traditional hard copy textbook, or E-book
3) Learning style preference: hybrid online learning, or attending classroom lecture, or both
From the 335 participants surveyed, 87% of participants preferred paper and pencil exams, 11% preferred computer exams, 2% indicated no preference. 81% preferred hard copy textbooks, 17% preferred electronic books, and 2% indicated no preference. 63% preferred attending classroom lecture, 34% preferred both attending class, and hybrid online learning, and 3% preferred online learning.
The findings from this longitudinal study suggest that nursing students significantly prefer traditional test taking and learning style methods to technological ones. Although the literature indicates that the use of technology is the preferred method of learning, the results from this longitudinal study did not concur. Each of the 4 sophomore level cohorts studied, will be asked to complete the volunteer survey again in their final undergraduate year at D’Youville College School of Nursing to determine if test taking and learning style preferences changed following more exposure to computer exams, e-book usage, and online learning methodologies.